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cogon grass uses

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It is frequently sold across the U.S. in plant nurseries and is widely available over the Internet for ornamental use. Cogon grass reproduces asexually by rhizomes and sexually by seeds (Hubbard et al., 1944). Names of Imperata Cylindrica in various languages of the world are also given. Cogon grass is considered to be one of the top 10 worst weeds in the world and has extensively invaded north and central Florida disturbed areas and pinelands. Today, only a few of the hundreds of herbicides tested are effective against cogongrass. IRRI/NRI (1996). Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours). Photo by Charles T. Bryson, courtesy of Bugwood.org. cogon grass. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind. Once it gets in, it’s hard to wipe out. It is often described as being non-invasive, although published proof of this claim is lacking. Cogongrass usually invades open areas like golf courses, roadsides, pastures, and natural areas where it displaces native plant species. Cogongrass has been used in Southeast Asia as forage because it is the dominant vegetation on over 300 million acres. 7% It was first introduced to the U.S. at Mobile, Alabama, via shipping crates that contained cogongrass as a packing material. Infrequently flowers in northern parts of its growing region but flowers freely in tropical areas. • Paper Product Feasibility Study: Study evaluated the feasibility of cogon grass as substitute for cardboard, food packaging, souvenir making uses. Now, however, since I quit using weeedkiller, cogongrass has popped back up here and there around my yard and food forest, growing faster than I can pull it. Cogon grass is found abundantly in many places and is sometimes considered a nuisance. It is in flower from August to September, and the seeds ripen from September to October. If the soil seed-bank remains intact, native plant communities may naturally reinitiate succession after treatment. ICRAF (1999). Cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica (L.) Beauv.) Cogon grass is being used for grass rooftops of traditional homes throughout Asia and on some of the traditional African homes. kunai. It costs millions each year to control in Florida¹. Materials & Equipment. Once cogongrass is established in forests, chemical control is required. Much like the kudzu vine, cogongrass was then deliberately planted by well-meaning Americans. In these areas it was found that only very young shoots should be grazed or cut for hay. treated cogongrass infestations using a variety of herbicide prescriptions in an effort to determine effective and economical strategies that can be used by landowners. More. (2017). cogon grass. lodging, rolling) is a simple, low-cost technique that is used to control the growth of I. cylindrica. Width: 2 ft. 0 in. List of various diseases cured by Imperata Cylindrica. In a research conducted in the Philippines, it was actually found to be successful in reusing it for packaging materials. and imazapyr (Arsenal, Arsenal AC, and Chopper) have significant activity on this grass. The grass is also used to weave into mats and baskets. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Life Cycle: Perennial Recommended Propagation Strategy: Seed Country Or Region Of Origin: Africa, Europe, Asia Dimensions: Height: 2 ft. 0 in. santintail. In this study, it refers to the capability of cogon grass to be used as a material for paper making. (Photo courtesy of Rocky Lemus) For help with controlling cogongrass on your property, learn more about the Cogongrass Control Program offered by the Mississippi Forestry Commission. "An economic input/output analysis revealed that cogongrass control costs resulted in total economic losses of $35 million annually to the forestry industry and related business sectors throughout Florida." Cogon grass is a perennial, rhizomatous grass that is somewhat variable in appearance (Ladion, 2000). Again, according to UF: “Cogongrass has been used in Southeast Asia as forage because it is the dominant vegetation on over 300 million acres. In this study, cogon grass was made as a material in paper making. Simple but vital measures include identification of this highly invasive grass and sanitation of soil or mechanical equipment that may be contaminated with either seed or rhizome material to prevent cogongrass from infesting new territory. Making Paper from Rice Straw. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Health enthusiasts have long raved about the countless benefits of wheatgrass, and for good reason. The pulp was subjected to different treatments before it was made into a cardboard like material. It can be used to clear areas for planting and as part of an integrated approach to enable the establishment of legume ground covers (IRRI/ NRI, 1996; ICRAF, 1999). Imperata cylindrica is a PERENNIAL growing to 1.2 m (4ft) by 0.6 m (2ft in) at a slow rate. Cogon grass pulps have been widely used as a substitute for both Styrofoam and paper cups. This is how to make a homemade remedy for dry cough especially painful unproductive cough using Cogon grass roots. Cogon Grass As an Alternative Fibre for Pulp and Paper-Based Industry: On Chemical and Surface Morphological Properties July 2015 Applied Mechanics and Materials 773-774(2015):1242-1245 It has been used in traditional medicines. It has green leaf blades and rarely flowers. "An economic input/output analysis revealed that cogongrass control costs resulted in total economic losses of $35 million annually to the forestry industry and related business sectors throughout Florida." Download this stock image: Cogongrass used at Hardee County Park, Florida is an example of a returned phosphate mined ground or areas back to productive use through a process c - T39R3R from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors. Assessment of Non-Native Plants in Florida's Natural Areas: Cogongrass, Florida Master Gardener Volunteer Program, UF/IFAS Extension: Solutions for Your Life, Institute of Food & Agricultural Sciences (IFAS), College of Agricultural and Life Sciences (CALS). Very hard to pull with a … More kugon is a grass but we can used to diabetis. - 4 ft. 0 in. This … and homogenized using a Hobart mixer for 10 min. form a strategic partnership called N.C. In these areas it was found that only very young shoots should be grazed or cut for hay. Effects of light, temperature, KNO3, and storage on germination of cogon grass. It is hardy to zone (UK) 8 and is frost tender. What to use to kill Cogongrass? It spreads rapidly through scaly rhizomes and quickly becomes difficult to manage. Imperata cylindrica Imperata cylindrica in Susami, Wakayama, Japan with mature seed heads Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Monocots Clade: Commelinids Order: Poales Family: Poaceae Subfamily: Panicoideae Genus: Imperata Species: I. cylindrica Binomial name Imperata cylindrica P.Beauv. Like most perennial grass weeds, cogon grass is easiest to tackle when the stand is young -- no more than one or two seasons old. Alabama Cogongrass Aerial Photographs. The use of herbicides for control of cogongrass began in the 1940s. You can count out that use. The leaves resemble ribbons with flat edge, straight and pointy. Most animals just don't like cogon grass, unfortunately. Cogon grass (Imperata cylindrica), an invasive, unwanted grass was used and evaluated for its applicability for the sorption of engine oil. Junielyn Genaro 5,819 views. In Florida alone, it has spread to more than a million acres. N.C. Agronomy Journal 66: 187-188. Making Paper from Rice Straw. benefits of cogon grass. Grass pressing (i.e. Cogon grass has extensively invaded disturbed areas such as roadsides and fallow pastures throughout north and central Florida but also relatively undisturbed sandhill and pine flatwoods. The rehabilitation phase requires establishment or release of fast growing native plants that can out-compete and outlast any surviving cogongrass plants while stabilizing and protecting the soil. Cogongrass usually invades open areas like golf courses, roadsides, pastures, and natural areas where it displaces native plant species. Figure-1. Never mind the background noise. Cogon grass can be tough to kill. About Cogongrass. At this stage, the leaves lack sharp points and razor-like leaf margins. Cogon grass is found abundantly in many places and is sometimes considered a nuisance. Other common names cogon grass 'Rubra' Japanese blood grass . It grows in bunches that can reach six feet tall. In the 1920s ranchers planted it with the hope that they had found a new forage crop for their cattle. In southeast Asia, cogongrass has been used as a forage because it is the dominant vegetation on more than 300 million acres. Imperata cylindrica (L.) Raeuschel, also known as speargrass in West Africa, alang-alang in Asia, and cogongrass in America, is a pernicious perennial grassy weed of significant importance in tropical and subtropical zones, as well as in some warm parts of the temperate regions of the world (Holm et al. Cogongrass is an aggressive, rhizomatous, perennial grass that is distributed throughout the tropical and subtropical regions of the world. Cogongrass first arrived in the U.S. by ship from Japan in Mobile, Alabama in 1912. Divate, Nandkumar & Solis, Daniel & Thomas, Michael & Alvarez, Sergio & Harding, David. Cogongrass was introduced to the United States both accidentally and intentionally. 16" long panicle that branch out into racemes. As emphasized by MacDonald (2004), prevention of establishment is paramount because cogongrass is difficult to eradicate once the rhizome root system is formed. Problems with cogon grass often have arisen on lands cleared of natural forest, which are then quickly colonized by cogon grass before cultivation, during plantation establishment and growth, or soon after the abandonment of land used for short-duration shifting agriculture (Brook, 1989). Light seeded native species are usually present in the seed-bank … Uses (Ethnobotany): It has been used in traditional medicines. Paper. Cogon grass is an invasive grass species that is tall and coarse and grows in the tropics and subtropics. santintail. Cogongrass has been used in Southeast Asia as forage because it is the dominant vegetation on over 300 million acres. It has become established in the southeastern United States within the last fifty years, with Alabama, Mississippi, and Florida having extensive acreage of roadway and pasture infested with cogongrass. Nope. In Florida alone, it has spread to more than a million acres. The leaves are typically light green with a thin, white stripe, but can turn reddish-brown after a frost or freeze. SENTENCE: Dave's been out in his backyard all day trying to get rid of the cogon grass. The cogon grass is first boiled and shredded, then mixed with used paper that has been previously washed. 1: Cogongrass is a Lousy Grass for Animals . Bogor, Indonesia: International Centre for Research in Agroforestry, 167 pp. Cogon grass (Imperata cylindrica) is an invasive, non-native grass which occurs in Florida and several other southeastern states.A pest in 73 countries, and considered to be one of the "Top 10 Worst Weeds in the World", cogon grass affects pine productivity and survival, wildlife habitat, recreation, native plants, fire behavior, site management costs and more. Family Poaceae . kunai. The Center for Landscape Conservation & Ecology. Cogongrass can be mowed, grazed, or burned, but it is difficult to control physically because it will propagate from stem fragments or the roots. Materials & Equipment. (14) Cogon grass (Imperata cylindrica). 6 Ornamental Grasses ideal for Canadian Climates - Duration: 2:14. Synonyms See text Imperata cylindrica is a species of perennial rhizomatous grass native to tropical and subtropical Asia, Micronesia, Melanesia, A… You can extract it using the same process when you get sugar from sugar cane. Cogongrass has a unique combination of characteristics that make field identification possible. This plant is able to thrive in dry places that get plenty of sun. This alternative uses cogon grass for making the pulp and the paper. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind. In order to completely remove this plant, the rhizomes must be destroyed. In these areas, it was found that only very young shoots--which lack the sharp points and razor-like leaf margins--should be grazed or cut for hay. Cogon grass (Imperata cylindrica) is an invasive, non-native grass which occurs in Florida and several other southeastern states.A pest in 73 countries, and considered to be one of the "Top 10 Worst Weeds in the World", cogon grass affects pine productivity and survival, wildlife habitat, recreation, native plants, fire behavior, site management costs and more. Basal stiff leaf blades are yellow green 3/4" wide and 30" long with tiny serrated margins, light green or white mid ribs that are of center and pointed tips. - 4 ft. 0 in. How Imperata Cylindrica is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. In order to completely remove this plant, the rhizomes must be destroyed. Yes, sugar is found in cogon grass. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. Crude protein of mature stands rarely attains the minimal 7% level needed to sustain cattle, making supplementation essential for livest… It costs millions each year to control in Florida¹. Known Cogongrass Locations Percent of Total Cogongrass Infestations Road right-of-wa y 21% Planted/Natural pine 67% Food plots 1% Open areas (pasture, pond dam, powerline, etc.) The flowers are used in the treatment of haemorrhages, wounds etc. UF states: "In southeast Asia, cogongrass has been used as a forage because it is the dominant vegetation on more than 300 million acres. Silica bodies in the leaves, razor-like leaf margins, relatively low Selected References: Lampe, Klaus. Cogon grass was then found to be unsuitable for forage and its ability to rapidly spread and displace desirable vegetation outweighed any soil erosion control considerations. Imperata cylindrica is the most morphologically variable species in … They are decocted and used to treat urinary tract infections, fevers, thirst etc. Making paper using cogon grass is a way to productively use the invasive weed. Selected References: Lampe, Klaus. Condition of cooking time and temperature. Cogon grass is a serious weed in cultivated areas of South Africa and Australia and is considered an invasive species in many areas outside its native range. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. 1997). In spring or summer, the plants produce fluffy white seed heads. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was used to visualize the surface morphology of the cogon grass fibre. 201–208. Cogongrass, Imperata cylindrica (L.), is considered the seventh worst weed in the world and listed as a federal noxious weed by USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service - Plant Protection and Quarantine.Cogongrass infestations are being found primarily in south Georgia but is capable of growing throughout the state. 1977; Garritty et al. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Cogongrass Biology. Beware of Cogon Grass. Cogongrass, Imperata cylindrica (L.), is considered the seventh worst weed in the world and listed as a federal noxious weed by USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service - Plant Protection and Quarantine.Cogongrass infestations are being found primarily in south Georgia but is capable of growing throughout the state. Genus Imperata are deciduous, rhizomatous perennial grasses, with flat linear leaves which sometimes are brightly coloured and, occasionally, narrow silvery flowering panicles in late summer (1974). Synonyms Imperata cylindrica 'Red Baron' Imperata 'Red Baron' . Cogongrass leaves should be green and at least 12 inches tall at the time of herbicide application to ensure sufficient herbicide absorption, this is especially important when using Glyphosate. Results obtained indicate that the holocellulose (64.93%) content is comparable with other published non-woods and the lignin (5.67%) content is favourably the lowest. Studies show that cogongrass contains chemicals (has the allelopathic ability) that prevent the growth of other plant species and contribute to its invasiveness and extreme competitiveness. This plant is invasive. Cogon weed is not native to America but spread from the accidental introduction of the seed from Japanese packing materials in the early 1900s. It is considered to be an invasive species in 73 countries and one of the “Top 10 Worst Weeds in the World.” Cogongrass has several common names, including Japanese bloodgrass, Red Baron, or Speargrass. Have tried Roundup & many other products but this grass is very invasive & nothing works. Mainly in roots. 63. paillotte. Good work on figuring out a use for quack grass. This alternative uses cogon grass for making the pulp and the paper. See more. Cultivars of cogongrass are sometimes sold under the common name "Japanese blood grass." Some ground-nesting species have been known to be displaced by the dense cover that cogongrass creates. Blady grass (Imperata cylindrica) commonly known as cogon grass, kunai grass or Japanese bloodgrass is a type of grass that has sharp leaves and usually the weeds that interfere with crop farmers. There also are minor traditional uses for human foods and medicines (Holm et al., 1977; Watson and Dallwitz, 1992). Think you’ll just graze goats or cows to make lemonade out of the cogongrass lemons you’ve been given? Deep plowing may be effective in the removal of cogongrass if the plow reaches up to 6 … Dickens, R. and Moore, G.M. At this stage, the leaves lack sharp points and razor-like leaf margins. Imperata Grassland Rehabilitation using Agroforestry and Assisted Natural Regeneration. Why is cogon grass invasive? Even at higher rates and combinations, cogongrass regenerates within a year following a single application of glyphosate and/or imazapyr. In this study, we use an I/O analysis to measure the economic impact of cogongrass among NIPF landowners in Florida and the regional economy. Cogongrass is used as a soil binder (to prevent soil erosion), animal feed, and herbal medicine. Hurricane Ivan brought it to my property and it is quite intrenched in my flower bed area as well as nearby lawn. Older stands put down deeper roots and can put up more resistance to control methods. This is very invasive in the S.E. Japanese Bloodgrass is an extremely aggressive weed that is considered invasive in North Carolina. Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems:  No serious insect or disease problems. edelyn September 20, 2010 at 11:52 am. Beware of Cogon Grass. Imperata cylindrica is a PERENNIAL growing to 1.2 m (4ft) by 0.6 m (2ft in) at a slow rate. Cogongrass invading forested area. Listed as one of the world's ten worst weeds, cogongrass is an invasive perennial grass. It is in flower from August to September, and the seeds ripen from September to October. Glyphosate, imazapyr, and com… For about four weeks following a prescribed burn, crude protein of regrowth is comparable to bahiagrass. We have 11 reasons why you should add it to your diet. Cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica (L.) Beauv.) Medicinal use of Cogongrass: The flowers and the roots are antibacterial, diuretic, febrifuge, sialagogue, styptic and tonic. Rehabilitation is the most important phase of control and reclamation of land infested with cogongrass or other non-native invasive plants. Herbicide applications made to cogongrass in the fall are generally more effective than those made other times of the year, making this is a great time of year for a quick review on cogongrass identification and control strategies. However, you shouldn't plant these cultivars since they can revert back to the aggressive form. Cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica) is an invasive, non-native grass that occurs in the Southeast region of the United States. Cogongrass is an exotic plant species from Asia that has aggressively expanded its range in the Southeastern United States and is difficult to control. paillotte. Treatment C, with 5% water and 7.5% starch showed to be the best treatment. Cogon weed is not native to America but spread from the accidental introduction of the seed from Japanese packing materials in the early 1900s. Cogon grass is a C 4 grass found mainly in tropical and subtropical areas with 75 to 500 cm of annual rainfall (Bryson, 1999). At that time, it was being used as packing material. Cogongrass first appeared in the area around Grand Bay, Alabama as an escape from S… Rejected and screened pulp were dried to constant weight at 105 oC for determination of dry weight and subsequently, yield of the pulp. Floridians should recognize cogongrass in case it pops up on their own property. It is hardy to zone (UK) 8 and is frost tender. An Economic Analysis of the Impact of Cogongrass among Nonindustrial Private Forest Landowners in Florida. Los Baños, Laguna: International Rice Research Institute, 1991. Making paper using cogon grass is a way to productively use the invasive weed. Cogon definition, a tall, coarse grass, Imperata cylindrica, of the tropics and subtropics, used widely for thatching. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Imperata Cylindrica. This field guide describes and illustrates these characteristics and compares them to other grass species common found in similar habitats. A cogongrass infestation can make pine growth and survival nearly impossible. Photo: Nancy Loewenstein, Cogongrass can be mowed, grazed, or burned, but it is difficult to control physically because it will propagate from stem fragments or the roots. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to Even in the native countries, this plant becomes an invasive plant. Some cultivars are grown as ornamentals, and the plant is commonly used for erosion control. Biology, Ecology and Management in Florida; 1. Cogongrass displaces a variety of native plant species used by native animals (e.g., insects, mammals, and birds) as forage, host plants and shelter. These include use for thatch, forage, erosion control, paper making, and bedding material for livestock. DISTRIBUTION IN THE U S: Cogongrass is distributed throughout the south and Los Baños, … 4:43. Homemade Remedy for Dry Cough (using Cogon grass roots) - Duration: 4:43. Auburn University, Bugwood.org. Forest Science. Adequate spray coverage is crucial maximizing control. Morphological Characterization To measure the fibre length of the cogon grass, krisha rose November 8, 2010 at 12:08 pm. 1. I warned the new property owner and confessed my RoundUp usage when I sold the house, so she’s keeping an eye on the cogongrass now (I hope). Out of dozens of herbicides tested for activity on cogongrass, only two, glyphosate (Round-up, Accord, Glypro, etc.) 10.5849/forsci.16-079. Cogongrass has many distinguishing features that can be used for identification. – Identification. Deep plowing may be effective in the removal of cogongrass if the plow reaches up to 6 i… Listed as one of the world's ten worst weeds, cogongrass is an invasive perennial grass. Grown as ornamentals, and storage on germination of cogon grass,.... The pulp some cultivars are grown as ornamentals, and Chopper ) have significant activity this. 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A new forage crop for their cattle in these areas it was made as a material for.. Oc for determination of dry weight and subsequently, yield of the seed from Japanese packing materials the... ) Beauv. that is somewhat variable in appearance ( Ladion, 2000.... Remedy for dry cough ( using cogon grass. in the cogon grass uses 1900s, Alabama, via shipping crates contained... You can extract it using the same process when you get sugar from sugar cane Asia, regenerates! Areas like golf courses, roadsides, pastures, and bedding material for livestock hardy... Backyard all day trying to get rid of the cogon grass 'Rubra ' Japanese blood.... Divate, Nandkumar & Solis, Daniel & Thomas, Michael & Alvarez, &... ( Round-up, Accord, Glypro, etc. Benefits, Cures Side. A cardboard like material only very young shoots should be grazed or cut for.! Tested are effective against cogongrass Ivan brought it to your diet ; Watson and Dallwitz, 1992 ) which local! Extremely aggressive weed that is distributed throughout the tropical and subtropical regions of the grass! Plant communities may naturally reinitiate succession after treatment a frost or freeze Lousy grass for Animals Privacy.... Brought cogon grass uses to my property and it is often described as being non-invasive, although published proof this. In northern parts of its growing region but flowers freely in tropical areas a! Becomes difficult to manage … Beware of cogon grass is first boiled and shredded, then mixed used! Within a year following a single application of glyphosate and/or imazapyr visualize the surface of! It is hardy to zone ( UK ) 8 and is frost tender white heads! Glyphosate and/or imazapyr or cut for hay hurricane Ivan brought it to my property and it is intrenched! A Hobart mixer for 10 min into a cardboard like material identification possible found in similar habitats )... Thrive in dry places that get plenty of sun or cut for hay able thrive... 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Infections, fevers, thirst etc. been previously washed Characterization to measure the fibre length of the States! Infestation can make pine growth and survival nearly impossible germination of cogon grass ''. As nearby lawn spring or summer, the leaves lack sharp points and razor-like leaf,... … making paper using cogon grass., courtesy of Bugwood.org the native countries, this becomes! Have significant activity on cogongrass, only two, glyphosate ( Round-up, Accord Glypro. Cogongrass first arrived in the Southeast region of the hundreds of herbicides for control of began. Feasibility Study: Study evaluated the Feasibility of cogon grass for making the pulp and the is... Green with a … making paper using cogon grass. sometimes considered a nuisance most Animals just do like... Is very invasive & nothing works feet tall as forage because it is hardy to zone ( UK ) and... 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From Japanese packing materials in the seed-bank … Beware of cogon grass, unfortunately world are given. On over 300 million cogon grass uses were dried to constant weight at 105 oC for determination of dry and! Places and is frost tender and natural areas where it cogon grass uses native plant communities may reinitiate. 2000 ) panicle that branch out into racemes were dried to constant weight at 105 oC for determination dry. Many places and is pollinated by Wind time, it refers to the aggressive.! Has many distinguishing features that can be used for grass rooftops of traditional homes throughout Asia and on some the... Flowers in northern parts of its growing region but flowers freely in tropical areas paper Product Study...

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