Besides gold, Ghana is also rich in diamonds. Gold accounts more than 90% of the country’s mineral exports. Even higher up, between 3,000 and 4,000 metres, there's a heathland belt typical of the high mountains in East Africa. With a total area of 239,460 square kilometers, Ghana is about the size of the United Kingdom and slightly smaller than the state of Oregon in United States. From its northeastern slopes, the Afram and Pru Rivers flow into the Volta River, while from the opposite side, the Pra, Birim, Ofin, Tano, and other rivers flow south toward the sea. Rope bridge connecting treetops in the rainforest canopy at Kakum National Park, Ghana. Obuasi and Konongo, two of the country's gold-mining centers, are also located here. View Images Some houses are built along the water in Accra, Ghana's largest city. This is the case of Ghana where its capital, Accra is developing at the expense of urban vegetation. No wonder that Ghana was previously named the Gold Coast. Due to their large size they are considered an important source of protein in Ghana. Kpong Hydro Plant. Vegetation in Ghana. The Ankobra, which flows to the west of the Pra, has a relatively small drainage basin. 4. The trees are usually tall and in the middle layer of this vegetation the tree has branches and has an average height of 30m. 309 square kilometers (119 sq mi) (2003), Total renewable water resources: Ghana is IFC’s third largest exposure in Africa in terms of committed investment volume. Some experts prefer to classify this region as a subdivision of the Ashanti Uplands because of the many characteristics they share. The Tano, which is the westernmost of the three rivers, rises near Techiman in the center of the country. The Volta Delta, which forms a distinct subregion of the low plains, extends into the Gulf of Guinea in the extreme southeast. Is there a way to search all eBay sites for different countries at once? North of this belt, the elevation varies from 91 to 396 meters (299 to 1,299 ft) above sea level and is covered by low bushes, park-like savanna, and grassy plains. The major drainage divide runs from the southwest part of the Akwapim-Togo Ranges northwest through the Kwahu Plateau and then irregularly westward to the Ivory Coast border. Our eps map can be modify to show any change. Ghana is located in West Africa and is sandwiched between Cote d’Ivoire (Ivory Coast) and Togo. It is the second largest producer of gold in Africa, with South Africa in prime position. Volta River This article needs additional citations for verification. What is Ghana's vegetation? https://www.worldatlas.com/articles/animals-that-live-in-ghana.html The topography of its lower reaches resembles that of the Densu Basin and is a rich cocoa and food-producing region. The region contains several hills and ranges as well as several towns of historical and economic importance, including Kumasi, Ghana's second largest city and former capital of the Asante. sudan. This vegetation consists of Erica, Protea, Stoebe and many other shrub species, many of them are endemic , occurring only on one or several mountains. Small craft can navigate approximately eighty kilometers inland from its mouth. The virtual absence of tsetse flies in the region has led to increased livestock raising as a major occupation in the north. Sustainable Development of the Bambo Industry in Ghana B.D. Over 21% of gold mined in … The hills and slopes in this area are the favored lands for cultivation. Arms of the lake extended into the lower-lying areas, forcing the relocation of 78,000 people to newly created townships on the lake's higher banks. First is the Sahel which has a hot and dry climate. Renewed efforts to improve communications, to enhance agricultural production, and to improve standards of living began in earnest in the mid-1980s. Ghana’s climate Ghana has a tropical climate. regions = reigons (in the question) There are three climate and vegetation reigons of West and Central Africa. From here, the country extends inland for some 670 kilometers to about 11° north. The most prominent of these is the large hippopotamus population that dwells in the waters. It shares borders with Côte d’Ivoire to the west, Burkina Faso to the north, and Togo to the east. National anthem of Ghana Ghana was the first African colony to win independence from Great Britain. Ghana facts tell us that as of 2015, the country is the 7th largest producer of gold in the world. The river winds its way from Burkina Faso down to the White Volta in Ghana, and is home to many river species. Nearly a third of Ghana’s population lives in urban towns and that number is growing. However, there are no major links between ethnicity and religion in the country. Agriculture is the main driving force behind Ghana's economy, accounting for approximately 42% of the country's GDP and employing 54% of its work force. Why don't libraries smell like bookstores? Climate and vegetation. Its southernmost coast at Cape Three Points is 4° 30' north of the equator. The largest … Form Ghana’s planting target for 2018 has been completed. When did Elizabeth Berkley get a gap between her front teeth? Road links with Keta continue to be a problem. Lake Volta is a rich source of fish, and its potential as a source for irrigation is reflected in an agricultural mechanization agreement signed in the late 1980s to irrigate the Afram Plains. In the north, the three Sudan Savanna ecoregions (WSS, CSS, and ESS) characterize the relatively dry northern climate with its single rainy season, open tree savannas, and scattered rainfed croplands. African Civet. This coastal savanna, only about eight kilometers in width at its western end, stretches eastward through the Accra Plains, where it widens to more than eighty kilometers, and terminates at the southeastern corner of the country at the lower end of the Akwapim-Togo Ranges. The plateau also marks the northernmost limit of the forest zone. Ghana – country at a glance . Ghana Forest Information and Data According to the U.N. FAO, 21.7% or about 4,940,000 ha of Ghana is forested, according to FAO. The hilly Akwapim-Togo ranges are found along Ghana's eastern international border. The Effects of Fire Exclusion on Savanna Vegetation at Kpong, Ghana. /VCG Photo. Ghana boasts of having the largest open-air market in West Africa located in Kumasi where people go to buy clothes, fabric as well as garments. The park has very rich flora and fauna.  The climate is tropical and the eastern coastal belt is warm and comparatively dry, the south-west corner of Ghana is hot and humid, and the north of Ghana is warm and wet. Climate change in Ghana will have wide-reaching impacts on the country.Because the sits at the intersection of three hydro-climatic zones, the climate of Ghana is expected to become incredibly variable. The basin's population, principally farmers, is low in density, especially in the central and northwestern areas of the basin, where tsetse flies are common. The northern part of Ghana features high plains. The United States, for example, is usually divided into 10 vegetation zones. Navigation by steam launch is possible on the southern sector of the Tano for about 70 kilometers. Ghana is also home to Lake Volta, the world's largest artificial lake. The average elevation of the plateau is about 450 meters, rising to a maximum of 762 meters. By 1989 it was estimated that more than 3,000 houses in the town had been swallowed by flooding from the lagoon. Soils in the high plains are more arable than those in the Volta Basin, and the population density is considerably higher. Dry, dusty, harmattan winds occur from January to March.  South Ghana contains evergreen and semi-deciduous forests consisting of trees such as mahogany, odum, ebony and it also contains much of Ghana's oil palms and mangroves with shea trees, baobabs and acacias found in the northern part of Ghana.. Salt-making, from the plentiful supply in the dried beds of the lagoons, provides additional employment. Although large areas of the forest cover have been destroyed through farming, enough deciduous forest remains to shade the head waters of the rivers that flow from the plateau. Christianity is the largest and the most popular religion in Ghana with approximately 72% of the population identifying with it. As of June 2019, it had committed $1,259.5 million of its own account in Ghana. According to the U.N. FAO, 21.7% or about 4,940,000 ha of Ghana is forested, according to FAO. Grain and cattle production are the major economic activities in the high plains of the northern region. See also, "UNB | Planetary and Space Science Centre", International Boundary Study, "Ghana Togo Boundary", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Geography_of_Ghana&oldid=991863320, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the Library of Congress Country Studies, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Northernmost point – the point at which the border with, Easternmost point – the southernmost section of the border with, Westernmost point - the point where the border with, This page was last edited on 2 December 2020, at 05:14. The lower basins of the Pra, Birim, Densu, and Ankobra rivers are also sites for palm tree cultivation. Ghana vegetation is about the different farming activities. in which countries can a humid subtropical climate be found? So, there is a great opportunity for commercial pig farming in Ghana. It has over 26,000 employees in their processing plants which are located in different countries. Ghana’s port city of Accra is the commercial hub of the country. The vegetation consists predominantly of grassland, especially savanna with clusters of drought-resistant trees such as baobabs or acacias. Dense groves of coconut palms front the coastline. It is located at the North Western corner of Ghana with latitude 9.8°- 11.0° North and longitude 1.6°- 3.0° West, bounded to Burkina Faso to the North. Annual rainfall averages between 1,000 and 1,140 millimeters. Authors: M D Swaine. The terrain consists of small desert mountains with the Kwahu Plateau in the south-central area. IFC’s current program in Ghana consists of 26 projects, comprising of investments in infrastructure, manufacturing, agribusiness, and services, and financial institutions. The akan languages include the Akyem, Anyi, Asante (Ashanti), Attié, Baule, Brong, Chakosi, Fante (Fanti), and Guang languages. Religious tolerance is very high in Ghana. Vegetation in Africa term is any green plant of any family covering the surface of the earth or any green plant protruding beyond the earth crust. Of this 8.0% ( 395,000 ) is classified as primary forest, the most biodiverse and carbon-dense form of forest. The Kwahu Plateau marks the southern end of the basin, and forms a natural part of the Ashanti Uplands. The temperature is generally between 21-35°C (70-95°F). Ghana has a large and well-preserved national park system that includes Kakum National Park in the Central Region, Mole National Park in the Northern Region, Digya National Park along the western bank of the Volta Lake. 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