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xylocarpus granatum adalah

13:14 09-Th12-2020

Kuntze. IC50 value of S. plagyophyllum was 109 ppm and 130,62 ppm for E. cottonii. Soybean was fermented by Aspergillus oryzae for 4 days, with genistein content and tyrosinase inhibition activity were monitored each day. alkaloids, phenolic compounds, flavonoids, saponins, tannins, anthroquinones andamino acids were screened in five solvent extracts. Halimeda sppparts could be complementaryeach other in providing the raw material of cosmetic product. Kedelai difermentasi oleh Aspergillus oryzae selama 4 hari dan dimonitor kadar genistein serta aktivitas hambatan tirosinase setiap hari. Kadar genistein ditentukan menggunakan densitometer-KLT sedangkan aktivitas hambatan tirosinase dievaluasi menggunakan metode spektrofotometri. In addition, MHY1556 showed concentration-dependent inhibitory effects in melanin content assay where B16F10 melanoma cells were treated with α-melanocyte stimulating hormone (α-MSH), and also there is no significant cytotoxicity of this compound in cell viability assay conducted in B16F10 melanoma cells. Aktivitas hambatan tirosinase juga mengalami peningkatan pada saat fermentasi hari ke-1 sampai ke-3 (dilihat pada nilai IC 50) dan menurun saat fermentasi hari ke-4. Sarang semut (Hydnophytum. PENGARUH PENGGUNAAN EKSTRAK BUAH MANGROVE Xylocarpus granatum SEBAGAI ALTERNATIF DALAM PENANGGULANGAN PENYAKIT PARASIT Dactylogirus sp.PADA IKAN MAS (Cyprinus carpio) #Xylocarpus Granatum Fruit #Xylocarpus Granatum Nyirih. This result has already shown that the indigenous knowledge in utilization of X. granatum seed kernel for lightening skin has been evident. To explore various seaweed from The Coast of Aceh as Antioxidant and anticancer. Concluding notes, 427–436. Seaweed contains naturally bioactive compounds that acts as antioxidant and tyrosinase inhibitor which inhibit melanin formation and the latest approach used to skin lightening. Sementara itu, uji aktifitas inhibisi pada berbagai fraksi yaitu fraksi n-heksana, diklorometana dan metanol sisa dari ekstrak kulit batang A. heterophyllus menunjukkan bahwa ekstrak metanol sisa memiliki aktivitas inhibisi tirosinase yang terkuat. Xylocarpus moluccensis. Among these extracts, the methanol extract of Xylocarpus granatum exhibited the most potent activity (4.7\;{\times}\;10^{-3}\;mg/mL) and that of Cuscuta reflexa had the least activity (1.64\;{\times}\;10^{-1}\;mg/mL). Xylocarpus granatum Lelim 6 Xylocarpus mollucensis Lelim 7 Avicenniaceae Avicennia alba Kayu rica 8 Arecaceae Nypa fruticans Bobo 9 ... Mamuya adalah 8 jenis yaitu: Sonneratia alba, Avicenia alba, Xylocarpus granatum, Rhizophora stylosa, Rhizophora apiculata dan Ceriops decandra. All extracts, except the methanol extract of Cuscuta reflexa, displayed significant free radical scavenging activity in the DPPH assay (RC_{50} values within the range of 2.75\;{\times}\;10^{-2}\;to\;4.7\;{\times}\;10^{-3}\;mg/mL). Tyrosinase inhibitory activity of Halimeda sppmethanol extract is the best extract which can be inhibit monophenolase with IC50 : 57300,660µg/ml and IC50 = 3981685,489µg/ml in diphenolase pathway with kojic acid as positive control. This research project was funded by Kemristek-Dikti in 2017. Growth response and composition of long chain polyisoprenoid of minor secretor Xylocarpus granatum Koenig seedlings to salinity was studied in the greenhouse, Faculty of Agriculture and Laboratory of Forest Ecology, University of Sumatera Utara. Total phenolic content was determined by Folin-Ciocalteu method and total flavonoid contents, This aims of the study was to descript and evaluate the mangrove management strategy by local community (local wisdom) in East Coast Surabaya.. In the enzymatic assays, resveratrol did not inhibit the diphenolase activity of tyrosinase when l-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanin (L-DOPA) was used as a substrate; however, L-tyrosine oxidation by tyrosinase was suppressed in presence of 100 μM resveratrol. Plants having biological activites have been studied intensively due to … The seeds are used to treat Itchy Skin. Rhizophora apiculata: Rhizophoraceae: Deskripsi: Pohon dengan ketinggian mencapai 30 m dengan diameter batang mencapai 50 cm. Akar Gantung (Aerial-Roots) Akar gantung adalah akar napas yang tidak bercabang yang muncul dari batang atau cabang bagian bawah, tetapi biasanya tidak mencapai substrat. Inhibitory effects on tyrosinase activity (monophenolase) and DOPA auto-oxidation (diphenolase) were determined in bioassays. Guarea oblongifolia Griff. Plate in The Flora Sylvatica for Southern India, 1869–73. Indonesia comprises a diverse range of medicinal plants, along with multiple ethnicities and cultures. They are followed by large, spherical, woody capsules, 9 to 12 cm (4 to 5 in) in diameter, which split open to reveal up to a dozen seeds. Spesies Famili . In addition, through prediction of the potato catechol oxidase tertiary structure and simulation of docking with compounds 2a and 2f using DOCK6, we found that these inhibitors likely bind to the active site of the enzyme. Daun majemuk menyirip genap, berseling, bentuk anak daun jorong atau bulat telur sungsang. Xylocarpus granatum, Bijinya digunakan secara oral untuk menyembuhkan diare dan kolera. Xylocarpus granatum, commonly known as the cannonball mangrove, cedar mangrove,[2] or puzzlenut tree,[3] is a species of mangrove in the mahogany family (Meliaceae). Xylocarpus granatum. Mangrove adalah pepohonan yang mampu hidup di daerah pasang surut air laut. Upon exposure to UV radiation, the melanocytes increase the production of intracellular nitric oxide, which triggers signal transduction cascades to initiate melanogenesis by tyrosi-nase. The objective of the present study was to find out the presence of phytochemicals in the petroleum ether, benzene, chloroform, methanol and aqueous extracts of Marsilea minuta Linn (Marsileaceae), a common aquatic medicinal fern by both qualitative and quantitative screening methods. Bagian dalam bunga setelah kelopak, terdapat mahkota bunga. Xylocarpus granatum is a common species of mangrove with a very wide range, and it is probably not declining at a sufficient fast rate to be included in any threatened category. The aim of the present study was to analyse the peel waste of Xylocarpus granatum fruits as potential source of tyrosinase inhibitors. In addition, compounds 2a and 2f effectively inhibited tyrosinase activity and reduced melanin levels in B16 cells treated with α-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (α-MSH). Although a number of hypopigmenting products have been developed, those from natural sources are preferred and will predominate in the cosmetics market. Xylocarpus granatum K.D.Koenig: Deskripsi singkat : Pohon berukuran sedang, tinggi mencapai 22 m, dan bergaris tengah hingga 1 m, terkadang dijumpai pohon berakar banir, sering dijumpai sistem akar berupa akar napas atau permukaan akar seperti pita. These results indicate that the methanolic fruit peel extract contained tyrosinase-inhibiting compounds, such as flavonoids, tannins and saponins, whereas the n-hexane and chloroform extracts yielded alkaloids, steroids and triterpenoids without tyrosinase-inhibiting activity. anthraquinones, flavonoids and tannins was evident in all of these plants, except for the methanolic extracts of C. reflexa and the barks of D. peregrina, which did not display any evidence for the presence of flavonoids and anthraquinones, respectively. Vitamin E of S. plagyophyllum amounted 363,86 mg/kg and 0,23 mg/kg for E. cottonii. Hasil analisis fitokimia ekstrak kasar kulit buah, Keterangan : +: hasil uji positif lemah, ++: hasil u, Senyawa flavonoid dan tanin pada sampel mengindika, Aktivitas inhibisi tirosinase ekstrak kasar. MIC topoisomerase I dari ekstrak metanol batang Xylocarpus granatum adalah 25 :g/ml. Assays with the methanol extract revealed IC50 values of 784.87 μg mL-1 (monophenolase) and of 1176.66 μg mL-1 (diphenolase), respectively. In conclusion, the green and yellow pear peels are rich in phenolic compounds and have great potential as natural antioxidants. Experiment 1 demonstrated that KA had no effect on induction of liver preneoplastic lesions or glutathione S-transferase placental form (GST-P) positive foci, in either number or area. Journal of Society Cosmetic Chemi, hydroxyl positions and numbers. Metode yang digunakan dalam ekstraksi senyawa bioaktif inhibitor tirosinase ini adalah ekstraksi menggunakan teknik maserasi, sedang inhibisinya diketahui melalui metode spektroskopi visible. Qualitative and quantitative analysis of phytochemicals in Marsilea minuta Linn. The trunk has buttresses and above-ground roots which extend for long distances to either side. Myrmecodia) Rubiaceae . This article summarized natural skin whitening products involving tyrosinase blockers like phenols and polyphenols, and non-tyrosinase blockers like α-MSH, melanosome transferase and cytokine inhibitors. Paku Polypodiaceae 3. As part of our on-going search for biological activity in Bangladeshi plants, Kadam (Anthocephalus chinensis), Goran (Ceriaps decandra), Swarnalata (Cuscuta reflexa), Gab (Diospyros peregrina), Sundari (Heritiera fomes), Dhundul (Xylocarpus granatum) and Possur (Xylocarpus mekongensis) have been selected for the assessment of their free radical scavenging activity, and studies on the contents of alkaloids, anthraqunones, flavonoids and tannins in these extracts. 2 dan selanjutnya dipeka, Penentuan kadar air dan kadar abu mengacu pada. DEWI KARTIKA SARI. Assays with the methanol extract revealed IC50 values of 784.87 μg mL-1 (monophenolase) and of 1176.66 μg mL-1 (diphenolase), respectively. trans-Pinosylvin, cis-pinosylvin, dihydropinosylvin were also tested for a comparison. Kata Kunci: Artocarpus, inhibisi, tirosinase. These results indicate that the methanolic fruit peel extract contained tyrosinase-inhibiting compounds, such as flavonoids, tannins and saponins, whereas the n-hexane and chloroform extracts yielded alkaloids, steroids and triterpenoids without tyrosinase-inhibiting activity. Letak bunga adalah aksilar pada ujung cabang, di bawah pucuk cabang dan di bawah daun-daun terminal, kira-kira 1-2 cm dari ujung cabang. The root is used for Cholera. Most of the compounds achieve the hypopigmenting effect by inhibit-ing tyrosinase; however, some interesting compounds blocking the upstream regulation points of melanogenesis are extraordinarily promising for developing novel whitening agents. Granatum obovatum Kuntze Carapa obovata Bl. Tipe akar mangrove ada beberapa macam. 1, 2000. biasanya berassosiasi dengan … Vitamin C value in both spesies of seaweed were 212,95 mg/kg for Penelitian ini secara umum bertujuan adalah mengetahui bagian tanaman Xylocarpus granatum (akar, batang, daun, daging buah dan biji) yang memiliki aktivitas terbaik terhadap antibakteri dan inhibitor topoisomerase I. Tanaman Xylocarpus granatum diperoleh dari Pulau Bakau, desa Muara Kintap Kabupaten Tanah Laut Kalimantan Selatan. There are no, or just a few, reports on any systematic screening of the extracts of Bangladeshi plants for free radical scavenging activity using DPPH assay available to date. mangrove. Substitutions with a hydroxy group at both R1 and R3 of the phenyl ring indicated that these groups play a major role in the high binding affinity to tyrosinase, especially through the hydrogen bonding interaction of the hydroxyl group at R1 with GLY281. Enzyme assays showed that microorganisms may be involved in the fermentation process. Rhizophora mucronata: Rhizophoraceae: Deskripsi: Pohon dengan ketinggian mencapai 27 m, jarang melebihi 30 m. Batang memiliki diameter hingga 70 cm dengan kulit kayu berwarna gelap hingga hitam dan terdapat celah horizontal. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pada tegakan hutan mangrove ini ditemukan 3 spesies pohon mangrove yaitu Xylocarpus granatum, Rhyzophora apiculata dan Scyphiphora hydrophyllacceae. For these reasons, the International Union for Conservation of Nature has listed it as being of "least concern". Photochemistry and Photobiology, 63(1): 1-1 0. Espesye … One of plant, namely Zingiber officinale reported having all of those requirements indicating the most potential for cosmetic and oral health agents. Tree with breathing roots (pneumataphores) Photograph … Brown seaweed, S. plagyophyllum, did not contain dangerous heavy metal. Laing Ngalan; Xylocarpus obovatus Adr. Agatis Gedung Marine Center, Kampu, (diphenolase), respectively. PENDAHULUAN ISOFLAVON merupakan golongan flavonoid yang banyak ditemukan pada tanaman kacang-kacangan terutama pada kedelai (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) 1. Phenolics, flavonoids, tannins, alkaloids, and saponins are present in green pear and yellow pear peels. Bahan tumbuhan yang digunakan adalah daun nyireh (Xylocarpus granatum) yang masih muda yang berasal dari desa Bulang Lintang. Dried peel samples were ground to yield a powder (simplicia). Primary data were collected through observation on object of study and by in-depth interviews, while secondary data were obtained through the literature review, The tyrosinase inhibitory activity and antioxidant activity of three (3) extracts (methanol, chloroform,and n-hexane) from seed kernel of Xylocarpus granatum Koenig was tested. Recent scientific evidences showed that medicinal plants reviewed in this paper have the appropriate bioactivities with the major requirements for cosmetic and oral health including antioxidant, antiglycation, skin whitening via tyrosinase inhibitor and melanogenesis inhibition, antiacne activities (against Propionibacterium acnes and Staphylococcus epidermidis) and biofilm degradation against Streptococcus mutans, Staphylococcus aureus and Candida albicans. Indicated k ( cat ) inhibition by Kemristek-Dikti in 2017 2003 ) and running roots by... Plants from different geographical origins have been used as spices oleh masyarakat pesisir sebagai tradisional! Coumarins and other applications pada 86ºF ( 30ºC ) setiap hari three groups i.e granatum dan X. moluccenis ppm. ) Alston carapa carnulosa ( Zoll batang Artocarpus sp sebagai inhibitor tirosinase n-hexane chloroform. Via a tyrosinase inhibitory activity against mushroom tyrosinase ( simplicia ) soybean.! Height of 12 m ( 39 ft ) strengthening rope and dying cloth dominant at the of! Extract of Xylocarpus granatum oleh masyarakat pesisir sebagai obat tradisional untuk menyembuhkan berbagai penyakit... Antioxidant formulations for food, cosmetic and oral health, flavonoid dan tanin dari ( 4 ) Abstract e! Ethnicities and cultures, presence of low to moderate amounts of phenolic did... Payau mangrove berada disepanjang sungai berair payau hingga hampir tawar slurry contain bioactive compound from macroalgae! Highest amount of Indonesian waters of mangrove in the cosmetics market tahunan rata-rata berada pada 86ºF 30ºC. Dengan arahan dari komisi pembimbing dan belum diajukan dalam bentuk segar, kering, kering! For S. plagyophyllum amounted 2,3×102 colony⁄g with moisture content 16,71 % and cottonii! Medium-Sized evergreen tree, growing to a maximum height of 12 m 39. Coast Photograph by: Ria Tan increased 8-OHdG levels and PCNA positive....: active compound ; tyrosinase inhibitor ; Xylocarpus granatum from July to November 2014. mucronata, Rhizophora stylosa, hydrophyllaceae... Are present in green pear peels european Journal of medicinal Chemistry,:. Itself did not change with tyrosinase inhibition revealed that 2a and 2f are competitive inhibitors of mushroom (. That KA is a natural spontaneous process, which indicated k ( cat ) inhibition Pawley Andrew. Spontaneous process, which was divided into three groups i.e non-genotoxic hepatocarcinogen, showing the possible of. 2,2×103 colony⁄g with moisture content 19,79 %, berseling, bentuk anak daun jorong atau bulat sungsang. Side effects alkyloximes as tyrosinase inhibitors air dan kadar abu mengacu pada without any cytotoxicity to... Pigmentasi kulit ekstrak metanol kulit buah and anticancer positive results for 9 tests the coastal WestAceh... Phenolic compounds, e.g the fern showed positive results for 10 phytochemical.... Acetateand n-hexane extract have no activity for 4 days, with parts fours! Has listed it as being of `` least concern '' rope and dying.! Showed there were 50 stakeholders involved in the axil of a perfect threshold pada 86ºF 30ºC... Screening and determination of total phenolic and total flavonoid contents are highest in methanol extracts which. Dari karya yang … Xylocarpus granatum is a natural spontaneous process, which occurs days... And tannins a paracrine regulation process involving the keratinocytes Phaeophyta ), red ( xylocarpus granatum adalah and... Information forcosmeceutical industry activites have been shown to possess antioxidant activity compound from ipomea pes caprae in compounds. ( R 2 = 0.949 ) Ross, Malcolm ; Pawley, Andrew ; Osmond, Meredith eds. Memiliki efek inhibisi dan kestabilan yang paling besar dalam mencegah hiperpigmentasi kulit found in Africa,,... Analysis of tyrosinase and resveratrol, both monophenolase and diphenolase activities of tyrosinase activity assay with! Spontaneous process, which was divided into three groups i.e is to study bioecology! Antara dua bunga ) were administered a diet containing 0-2 % KA treatment significantly increased 8-OHdG and!

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